-A boy was born in Bhawalpur, Punjab Province, Pakistan. The child’s name is Maulana Masood Azhar. His name may not be well known throughout the world, but among terrorist groups and extremist organizations, his name carries significant weight. Maulana Masood Azhar is the founder and leader of Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), a Pakistan-based militant organization that has become a major concern at the international level.

Maulana Masood Azhar

Maulana Masood Azhar was born into a conservative and religious family. His father was a mufti, and his family was known as a devoutly religious family. Azhar himself showed interest in Islamic religious studies from an early age and studied at various madrasas.

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In the 1980s, he was involved in militant activities in Afghanistan during the Soviet-Afghan War. At that time, the Taliban and the Mujahideen group became the center of international attention because of their role in the conflict.

In 2000, Azhar founded Jaish-e-Mohammed after being released from detention in India as part of a prisoner exchange after the Indian Airlines plane he was flying on was kidnapped by militants. JeM, which literally means “Force of Muhammad,” is known for its support for Kashmiri independence and involvement in terrorist attacks in various places.

One of the most famous attacks linked to JeM was the attack in Pulwama, Kashmir, on 14 February 2019. A suicide bomb targeting an Indian paramilitary convoy killed dozens of Indian military personnel. The attack sparked tensions between India and Pakistan, and JeM was considered to be the mastermind behind the incident.

JeM and Maulana Masood Azhar have been a source of controversy at the international level. In 2001, Azhar was tried by Pakistan on charges of involvement in terrorist activities, but he was acquitted in 2002. This decision sparked criticism from various quarters, with many accusing Pakistan of protecting and supporting terrorist groups.

In recent years, JeM and Azhar have continued to receive international attention due to their involvement in terrorist attacks and their ties to other extremist groups. In 2019, following mounting international pressure, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) labeled Maulana Masood Azhar a designated global terrorist under Resolution 1267. This move marked a significant shift in the international outlook towards Azhar and JeM.

The impact of the existence of Maulana Masood Azhar and Jaish-e-Mohammed was not only felt at the regional level but also had global consequences. Terrorist attacks attributed to this group have raised concerns about security and stability in the region.

Additionally, Azhar’s role in supporting Kashmir’s independence and his ties to other terrorist organizations have become a major focus for many countries, especially India. Other countries, such as the United States and European countries, have pressured Pakistan to take firm action against terrorist groups operating from its territory.

Maulana Masood Azhar and the existence of Jaish-e-Mohammed pose a serious challenge to the international community in its efforts to eradicate terrorism. Cooperation and coordination between countries is very important to respond to the threat posed by militant groups such as this.

As geopolitical dynamics shift in the South Asian region, the handling of Maulana Masood Azhar and his organization will continue to be an issue that requires joint attention. Concrete action and handling of terrorism is not only needed at the national level, but also involves cross-border cooperation to ensure global security.


Maulana Masood Azhar, the founder of Jaish-e-Mohammed, has been a controversial figure who played a significant role in the political and security dynamics in South Asia. JeM and its attacks, especially those in Pulwama, Kashmir, have stimulated strong reactions from the international community.

The recent steps to achieve Azhar’s designation as a global terrorist by the UNSC indicate a change in the world’s view of the militant group and its leaders. However, further challenges still lie ahead, and concrete steps must be taken by countries in the region and the international community to address this growing threat of terrorism.